How is the shipping cost from China to Nigeria calculated?

 Company news     |      2023-11-01

China to Nigeria sea freight is usually divided into two methods, full container sea freight and bulk container consolidation, and the calculation methods for sea freight costs vary depending on the different methods. The sea freight cost from China to Nigeria is as follows:

1、 Full container sea freight:

When a customer's goods are loaded into one or more containers, usually one shipment per container or multiple containers per shipment, the time frame will be faster; But if the freight forwarder does not provide full container sea freight, the customer needs to contact the relevant Nigerian sea freight or container towing company themselves.

Calculation method for full container freight:

Full container sea freight=basic sea freight+sea freight surcharge. Among them, the "basic sea freight" is set by the shipping company and the price is relatively stable. The "sea freight surcharge" is divided into: fuel surcharge, port congestion surcharge, etc. Usually, the price quoted by the freight forwarding company is a Buy It Now price, which is the sum of the above two expenses.

Basic Freight=Unit Basic Freight × Total number of cabinets

Port Surcharge 1=Unit Port Surcharge × Number of votes (additional fee calculated based on the number of votes) (one ticket with multiple cabinets)

Port Surcharge 2=Unit Port Surcharge × Total number of cabinets (additional fee calculated by number of cabinets)

2、 Bulk cargo consolidation:

Usually, there are three invoices and one container, which means that the cargo volume of three shippers reaches the capacity of one container before they can enter and leave the container. This is more complex and relatively cheaper in terms of customs clearance procedures compared to full container shipping in Nigeria.

Calculation method for bulk container consolidation freight:

Different shipping companies, freight forwarders, docks, and warehouses have different methods for calculating the sea freight for container consolidation. There are generally two types of charges: volume based and weight based:

Charge by Volume=Unit Basic Freight (MTQ) × Total volume.

Charge by weight=Unit Basic Freight (TNE) × Total gross weight.

Different carrier companies have different standards for converting volume and weight, and usually choose the larger one for charging. For example, with a cargo type ratio of 1:500:


If the unit volume weight of the goods is less than 500KG, the fee will be charged based on the volume

If the unit volume weight of the goods is greater than 500KG, the charge will be based on the weight

The following are the commonly used container sizes and corresponding load limits for Nigerian shipping:

20 'regular cabinet: weight limit of 25TNE, volume limit of 33 CBM

40 'regular cabinet: weight limit of 29TNE, volume limit of 67 CBM

40 'high cabinet: weight limit of 29TNE, volume limit of 76 CBM

20 'freezer: weight limit 21TNE, volume limit 27 CBM

40 'freezer: weight limit of 26TNE, volume limit of 58 CBM

40 'freezer height: weight limit of 26TNE, volume limit of 66 CBM